Greek Democratic Army Order of Battle


The Greek Democratic Army (GDA) was in a state of constant organizational change throughout the Greek civil war of 1945–1949. Moreover, units were frequently transferred from one region to another to meet strategic and tactical requirements. There was considerable cross-attachment, and units were frequently reassigned permanently from one major headquarters to another. The commanders changed over time as individuals became casualties, were dismissed, or rose in rank and responsibility.

The strength of individual units also varied according to the casualties taken and the success of recruiting efforts. No comprehensive order of battle generated by the GDA general command appears to have survived, and the GDA order of battle must be reconstructed from often inaccurate and incomplete Greek government and U.S. intelligence estimates. For all of these reasons, it is difficult to present a completely accurate picture of the GDA order of battle at any given time. However, the following depiction of the GDA order of battle on 30 June 1949, the eve of its destruction, should provide some rough idea of the structure of the GDA as it evolved in the last year of the war. The GDA order of battle presented here has been compiled from a number of sources, the most important of which are Greek General Staff, Intelligence Directorate, Staff Study, Ref. No. F8206/95/2-12-50, Athens, 12 February 1950, subject: Guerrilla Warfare: The Organization and Employment of Irregulars; and United States Military Attache´– Greece (Capt. C. R. Meltesen), Intelligence Report R-298-49 (ID No. 589129), Athens, 8 August 1949, subject: Guerrilla Order of Battle—Strength, Organization and Disposition [in Box 3781, Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, Intelligence, Numerical Series of Intelligence Document File (“ID Files”), 1944–1955, Record Group 319 (Records of the Army Staff), National Archives II, College Park, MD].

Units

Cmdr

Location

No. of Men

Comments

1ST INFANTRY DIVISION

Viotis?

Orthris-Xinias-

 

Remnants;

123th Infantry Brigade

Ferreos

Agrafa and Grammos

290

subordinate
to GHQ So. Greece; included 77th Inf Bde and Cavalry Bde in early 1949

Operating
as combined

138th Infantry Brigade

192nd Infantry Brigade

Bandekos

Olympus area

Agrafa Grammos-

 

bde wth 192nd Inf Bde elements

Scattered remnants Scattered remnants

2ND INFANTRY DIVISION

126th Infantry Brigade 144th Infantry Brigade 172nd Infantry Brigade

3RD INFANTRY DIVISION

Giouzelis

Othris-Xinias

Vardhousia

Peloponnesus

 

operating
as combined bde with 123rd Inf Bde; Bandekos captured 2 Aug 49

Remnants;
subordinate to GHQ So. Greece Remnants only Remnants only Remnants only

Destroyed in Opn

6TH INFANTRY DIVISION

Petris

West Beles

1,600

PIGEON;
included 22nd and 55th Inf Bdes in early 1949

Subordinate to GHQ

20th Infantry Brigade

Fivos

Beles

350

Eastern Macedonia- Western Thrace

Duty Company

Kolokotronis

Beles

 

Double Company

Duty Company

Akritas

Beles

 

Double Company

132nd Infantry Brigade

Diplarakos

Beles

550

Duty Company

Garefis

Beles

 

Double Company

Duty Company

Ananias

Beles

 

Double Company

Labor Duty Co.

650th Infantry Battalion

Stathis

Beles

Beles

 

Double Company Rear area unit

Thanasis Cavalry Unit

677th Duty Company

Stefanidis

Beles

Beles

 

Double Company

7TH
INFANTRY DIVISION

Khimaros

Haidou

700

Subordinate to GHQ

350th Infantry Battalion

560th Infantry Battalion

Mesinezis

Ghitis

NWHaidou

NW Haidou

 

Eastern Macedonia- Western Thrace

8TH INFANTRY DIVISION

Fokas

Grammos

1,020

Directly subordinate to GD AGenCmd

75th Infantry Brigade

Lambros

Grammos

 

 

Infantry Battalion

Sidiropoulos

Grammos

 

 

Infantry Battalion

Anaratiades

Grammos

 

 

Infantry Battalion

Kanitsis

Grammos

 

 

Static Battalion

Parapanos

Grammos

 

 

9TH INFANTRY DIVISION

Palaiologos

Grammos

820

Directly subordinate to GD A Gen Cmd

16th Infantry Brigade

Papadimitriou

Grammos

 

Papadimitriou KIA 7 Aug 49

Infantry Battalion

Xanthos

Grammos

 

 

Infantry Battalion

Melas

Grammos

 

 

10TH INFANTRY DIVISION

Skotidas

Vitsi

1,330

Skotidas KIA 11 Aug 49;

replaced by Tomboulithas; directly subordinate to GDA Gen Cmd

14th Infantry Brigade

Sofianos

Vitsi

910

 

580th Infantry Battalion

Ennis

Vitsi

 

 

589th Infantry Battalion

Dalianis

Vitsi

 

 

601st Infantry Battalion

Grivas

Vitsi

 

 

105th Infantry Brigade

Lasanis

Vitsi

420

 

551st Infantry Battalion

 

Vitsi

150

 

552nd Infantry Battalion

Kaplanis

Vitsi

 

 

553rd Infantry Battalion

 

Vitsi

 

 

11TH INFANTRY DIVISION

Vainas

Vitsi

1,670

Directly
subordinate to GDA Gen Cmd

18th Infantry Brigade

Prikos

Vitsi

800

 

425th Infantry Battalion

Argiris

Vitsi

 

 

426th Infantry Battalion

Petsos

Vitsi

 

 

427th Infantry Battalion

Tsolakis

Vitsi

 

 

102nd Infantry Brigade

 

Vitsi

 

 

Infantry Battalion

 

Vitsi

 

 

Infantry Battalion

Lesits

Vitsi

 

 

Infantry Battalion

Golinatas

Vitsi

 

 

103rd Infantry Brigade

Akhilieas

Vitsi

870

 

Infantry Battalion

Adakos

Vitsi

 

 

Infantry Battalion

Takis

Vitsi

 

 

Infantry Battalion

Papas

Vitsi

 

 

15TH INFANTRY DIVISION

 

Grammos?

 

Unconfirmed;
probably directly subbordinate to GDA Gen Cmd

 

Advertisements