Greek Democratic Army Order of Battle as of 30 June 1949


Charles R. Shrader-The Withered Vine_ Logistics and the Communist Insurgency in Greece, 1945-1949-Praeger (1999).pdf

(ΜΟΝΑΔΕΣ-ΔΙΟΙΚΗΤΕΣ-ΚΑΙ-ΔΥΝΑΜΙΚΟ-ΤΟΥ-ΔΣΕ-ΣΤΙΣ-30-ΙΟΥΝΙΟΥ-1949)

The Greek Democratic Army (GDA) was in a state of constant organizational change throughout the Greek civil war of 1945-1949. Moreover, units were frequently transferred from one region to another to meet strategic and tactical requirements. There was considerable cross-attachment, and units were frequently reassigned permanently from one major headquarters to another. The commanders changed over time as individuals became casualties, were dismissed, or rose in rank and responsibility. The strength of individual units also varied according to the casualties taken and the success of recruiting efforts. No comprehensive order of battle generated by the GDA general command ap¬pears to have survived, and the GDA order of battle must be reconstructed from often inaccurate and incomplete Greek government and U.S. intelligence estimates. For all of these reasons, it is difficult to present a completely accurate picture of the GDA order of battle at any given time. However, the following depiction of the GDA order of battle on 30 June 1949, the eve of its destruction, should provide some rough idea of the structure of the GDA as it evolved in the last year of the war.
The GDA order of battle presented here has been compiled from a number of sources, the most important of which are Greek General Staff, Intelligence Directorate, Staff Study, Ref. No. F8206/95/2-12-50, Athens, 12 February 1950, subject: Guerrilla Warfare: The Organization and Employment of Irregulars; and United States Military Attache- Greece (Capt. C. R. Meltesen), Intelligence Report R-298-49 (ID No. 589129), Athens, 8 August 1949, subject: Guerrilla Order of Battle—Strength, Organization and Dispo¬sition [in Box 3781, Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, Intelligence, Numerical Series of Intelligence Document File (“ID Files”), 1944-1955, Record Group 319 (Records of the Army Staff), National Archives II, College Park, MD].

Table A.1

GDA Order of Battle as of 30 June 1949

Units

 

Cmdr

 

Location

 

No. of Men

 

Comments

GDA GENERAL
COMMAND

Goussias

Vronderion

250

 

24th Infantry
Brigade

Nemertsikas

Kaimaktsalan

650

Remnants

  Cavalry
Battalion

Thanasis

Kaimaktsalan

 

 

107th
Infantry Brigade

Velissaris

Grammos

750

At times subordinate to
11th Inf Div

  538th
Infantry Battalion

Midis

Grammos

 

 

  539th
Infantry Battalion

Soumidis

Grammos

 

 

  588th
Infantry Battalion

Stefanos

Grammos

 

 

108th
Infantry Brigade

Zara

Grammos

600

Zara KLA 24 Jul 49

  648th
Infantry Battalion

Montas

Grammos

 

 

  585th
Infantry Battalion

Skotidas

Grammos

 

 

  725th
Infantry Battalion

Zois

Grammos

 

 

159th
Infantry Brigade

Petritis

Pogoniani

 

Remnants

Officers School Brigade

 

Vitsi

300

 

Independent Infantry
Battalion

Anapodos

Euboea

150

 

Saboteur Brigade

 

 

 

Vratsianos

Oreikas-

Vourinos-

Sniatsikon

 

 

Scattered remnants

 

 

Artillery Complement    

 

Vitsi-Grammos

 

9 btrys in early  1949

 3rd
Battery

 

Vitsi-Grammos

 

 

 5th
Battery

 

Vitsi-Grammos

 

 

 9th
Battery

 

Vitsi-Grammos

 

 

 25th
Battery

 

Vitsi-Grammos

 

 

 34th
Battery

 

Vitsi-Grammos

 

 

 40th
Battery

 

Vitsi-Grammos

 

 

 60th
Battery

 

Vitsi-Grammos

 

 

 65th
Battery

 

Vitsi-Grammos

 

 

 67th
Battery

 

Vitsi-Grammos

 

 

Cavalry Brigade

Gatsoras

Ossa

 

As of 25 Aug 49

Cavalry Battalion

Tzimas

Ossa-Pilion

90

 

Engineer Battalion

 

Grammos

80

 

Engineer Battalion

Andaras

Vitsi

 

 

Signal Battalion

 

Vitsi-Grammos

280

 

315th Static Battalion

 

Papagiankopoulos

Vitsi

 

 

 

 

Static Battalion

 

Vitsi

 

 

Unidentified Battalion

 

Samos

180

 

88th Area Unit

Gouras

Pamassos

80

Double Company

Stretcher Bearer

 

Vitsi?

 

 

Battalion Stretcher

 

Grammos?

 

 

Bearer Battalion

 

Vitsi

 

 

Transport Battalion

 

Vitsi

 

 

Transport Battalion
Transport Battalion 711th Duty Company

 

Grammos

Kaimaktsalan

Kaimaktsalan

 

 

Double Company Double
Company

712th Duty Company

 

Siniatsikon

 

Double Company

713th Duty Company

 

 

 

 

Duty Company

Tzavelas

Siniatsikon

 

Double Company

Duty Company

Mavroudis

Pierria-

Olympus

150

Double Company

 

Units

 

Cmdr

 

Location

 

No. of Men

Comments

 

1ST INFANTRY DIVISION

Viotis?

Orthris-Xinias-

Agrafa

 

Remnants; subordinate to
GHQ So. Greece; included 77th Inf Bde and Cavalry Bde in early 1949

123th Infantry Brigade

Ferreos

Grammos and Olympus area

290

Operating as combined bde
wth 192nd Inf Bde elements

138th Infantry Brigade

 

Agrafa

 

Scattered remnants

192nd Infantry Brigade

Bandekos

Grammos-

Othris-Xinias

 

Scattered remnants
operating as combined bde with 123rd Inf Bde; Bandekos captured 2 Aug 49

2ND INFANTRY
DIVISION

 

Vardhousia

 

Remnants; subordinate to
GHQ So. Greece

126th Infantry Brigade

 

 

 

Remnants only

144th Infantry Brigade

 

 

 

Remnants only

 

172nd Infantry Brigade

 

 

 

Remnants only

3RD INFANTRY
DIVISION

Giouzelis

Peloponnesus

 

Destroyed in Opn PIGEON;
included 22nd and 55th Inf Bdes in early 1949

6TH INFANTRY DIVISION

Petris

West Beles

1,600

Subordinate to GHQ
Eastern Macedonia- Western Thrace

20th Infantry Brigade

Fivos

 

Beles

 

350

 

 

 

  Duty
Company

 

Kolokotronis

Beles

 

 

 

Double Company Double
Company

 

  Duty
Company

Akritas

Beles

 

 

132nd Infantry Brigade

Diplarakos

Beles

550

 

 

  Duty
Company

Garefis

Beles

 

Double Company

  Duty
Company

Ananias

 

 

Double Company

  Labor
Duty Co.

 

Beles

 

Double Company

650th Infantry Battalion

Stathis

Beles

Beles

 

 

Rear area unit

Thanasis Cavalry Unit

 

 

Beles

 

 

 

 

677th Duty Company

Stefanidis

Beles

 

Double Company

7TH INFANTRY
DIVISION

Khimaros

Haidou

700

Subordinate to GHQ
Eastern Macedonia-Western Thrace

  350th
Infantry Battalion

Mesinezis

NW Haidou

 

 

 

  560th
Infantry Battalion

Ghitis

NW Haidou

 

 

 

Units

 

Cmdr

 

Location

 

No. of Men

 

Comments

 

8TH INFANTRY
DIVISION

 

 

 

Fokas

 

 

 

Grammos

 

 

 

1,020

Directly subordinate to
GDAGenCmd

75th Infantry Brigade

Infantry Battalion

 

Infantry Battalion

 

Infantry Battalion

Static Battalion

Lambros

Sidiropoulos

Anaratiades

Kanitsis

Parapanos

Grammos

Grammos

 

Grammos

 

Grammos

Grammos

 

 

9TH INFANTRY
DIVISION

 

 

Palaiologos

 

Grammos

 

 

 

820

Directly subordinate to
GDA Gen Cmd

Papadimitriou KIA 7 Aug 49

16th Infantry Brigade

 

Infantry Battalion

Infantry Battalion

Papa­

dimitriou

Xanthos

Mêlas

Grammos

 

Grammos

Grammos

 

 

10TH INFANTRY DIVISION

Skotidas

Vitsi

1,330

Skotidas KIA 11 Aug 49;
replaced by Tomboulithas; directly subordinate to GDA Gen Cmd

14th Infantry Brigade

Sofïanos

Vitsi

910

 

580th Infantry Battalion

Ermis

Vitsi

 

 

589th Infantry Battalion

Dalianis

Vitsi

 

 

601st Infantry Battalion

Grivas

Vitsi

 

 

105th Infantry Brigade

Lasanis

Vitsi

420

 

551st Infantry Battalion

 

Vitsi

150

 

552nd Infantry Battalion

Kaplanis

Vitsi

 

 

553rd Infantry Battalion

 

Vitsi

 

 

11TH INFANTRY
DIVISION

Vainas

Vitsi

1,670

Directly subordinate to
GDA Gen. Cmd

18th Infantry Brigade

Prikos

Vitsi

800

 

425th Infantry Battalion

Argiris

Vitsi

 

 

426th Infantry Battalion

Petsos

Vitsi

 

 

427th Infantry Battalion

Tsolakis

Vitsi

 

 

102nd Infantry Brigade

 

Vitsi

 

 

  Infantry
Battalion

 

Vitsi

 

 

  Infantry
Battalion

Lesits

Vitsi

 

 

  Infantry
Battalion

Golinatas

Vitsi

 

 

103rd Infantry Brigade

Akhilieas

Vitsi

870

 

  Infantry
Battalion

Adakos

Vitsi

 

 

  Infantry
Battalion

Takis

Vitsi

 

 

  Infantry
Battalion

Papas

Vitsi

 

 

15TH INFANTRY DIVISION

 

Grammos?

 

Unconfirmed; probably
directly subordinate to GDA Gen Cmd

 

 

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